Belonging to the same family as the Jerusalem artichoke, this flower originated in Central America when it was being cultivated 3000 years ago. The plant can reach up to 3 metres in height and its flower can grow to 80 cm across. The sunflower owes its name to its ability to face the sun all day. The Iroquoians grew it for its seeds. In Europe, the sunflower was initially considered an oddity, then as snack food. Its widespread cultivation began in the 19th century and quite early in Québec.