orchard: vine

Vines were present in Egypt at the end of the Tertiary period and are mentioned repeatedly in the Bible. Its name comes from the Latin vinum meaning “wine.” In ancient Greece, where they venerated Dyonysus, vines and wine were symbols of civilization. Viniculture was introduced in Gaul by the Romans. On his first voyage to Île d’Orléans, Jacques Cartier noted the presence of wild vines (vitis riparia) laden with grapes on the island. However, he said these grapes were neither as sweet or as large as those of France. Nevertheless, he named the island Île de Bacchus. In the 15th century France, vine sap was used on skin sores and as an eye lotion.